Trenton Metro Area Local

American Postal Workers Union



Bill Lewis







Know Your Rights 



Weingarten Rights


The rights of unionized employees to have present a union representative during investigatory interviews were announced by the U.S. Supreme Court in a 1975 case (NLRB vs. Weingarten, Inc. 420 U.S. 251, 88 LRRM 2689). These rights have become known as the Weingarten rights.

Employees have Weingarten rights only during investigatory interviews:

An investigatory interview occurs when a supervisor questions an employee to obtain information, which could be used as a basis for discipline or asks an employee to defend his or her conduct.

If an employee has a reasonable belief that discipline or other adverse consequences may result from what he or she says, the employee has the right to request union representation.

Management is not required to inform the employee of his/her Weingarten rights; it is the employees responsibility to know and request.

When the employee makes the request for a union representative to be present management has three options:

(1) it can stop questioning until the representative arrives.

(2) it can call off the interview or,

(3) it can tell the employee that it will call off the interview unless the employee voluntarily gives up his/her rights to a union representative (an option the employee should always refuse.)

Once youíve asked for union representation, any attempt by management to continue asking questions before a union representative gets there is ILLEGAL. If supervisors pressure you by telling you that "youíre only making things worse for yourself" by asking for union representation, thatís against the law too.

Employers will often assert that the only role of a union representative in an investigatory interview is to observe the discussion. The Supreme Court, however, clearly acknowledges a representative's right to assist and counsel workers during the interview.

The Supreme Court has also ruled that during an investigatory interview management must inform the union representative of the subject of the interrogation. The representative must also be allowed to speak privately with the employee before the interview. During the questioning, the representative can interrupt to clarify a question or to object to confusing or intimidating tactics.

While the interview is in progress the representative can not tell the employee what to say but he may advise them on how to answer a question. At the end of the interview the union representative can add information to support the employee's case.

What to Say if Management Asks Questions That Could Lead to Discipline:

"If this discussion could in anyway lead to my being disciplined or terminated, or affect my personal working conditions, I request that my union representative, officer, or steward by present at the meeting. Without representation, I choose not to answer any questions."

Know the limits:

Just as itís important to know what your Weingarten rights are, it is also important to know the limits.

You are not entitled to have a steward present every time a supervisor wants to talk to you. Remember, if the discussion begins to change into questioning that could lead to discipline, you have the right to ask for representation before the conversation goes any further. If you are called into the supervisorís office for an investigation, you canít refuse to go without your steward. All you can do is refuse to answer questions until your union representative (or steward) gets there and youíve had a chance to talk things over. 



Rights Before Postal Inspectors & OIG Agents


If questioned by a U.S. Postal Inspector, even if you believe you are not guilty of any wrong doing, it is suggested that you:

  • Remain calm;
  • Correctly identify yourself;
  • Do not physically resist an arrest or a search of your person or property;
  • Read aloud to the Postal Inspectors the statement; listed below,
  • Remain silent until you have consulted with your APWU representative or attorney, as appropriate.

This is not complete legal advise.  Always consult with a lawyer.



I request the presence of my APWU representative.  If I am a suspect in a criminal matter, please so advise me.  If so, I wish to contact my attorney.

His/Her name is _______________________________________

Telephone number _____________________________________

If I am under arrest, I request you to so advise me and to inform me of the reason or reasons.

I do not consent to a search of my person or property.  If you have a search warrant, I request to see it at this time.

I do not waive any of my rights, including my right to remain silent.  I will not sign a waiver-of-rights form, nor admit or deny any allegation, nor make any written or oral statement unless my attorney is personally present and so advises me.